DESIGN ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES

DESIGN ELEMENTS:  point line shape form tone texture colour letterform     FOR TEACHERS

DESIGN PRINCIPLES:  figure-ground balance contrast cropping hierarchy scale proportion pattern
INDEX   Members only
DESIGN ELEMENT
SHAPE


SHAPE is an area enclosed by a line on a flat surface

SHAPE is two-dimensional, consisting only of height
and width, but not of depth

If depth is added to a shape it becomes a 'form'
You will see some confusion about this as the terms 'shape' and
'form' are often wrongly used interchangeably
























Shapes are either organic or geometrical

ORGANIC SHAPE
A shape with an irregular contour, like shapes that appear in
nature
















GEOMETRIC SHAPE
A shape with a regular contour, such as a square, triangle, or
circle
                               
g              n

Click here for more information on Organic and Geometric
shapes


Shapes can also be seen as being positive or negative
This relates to the Design Principle of 'FIGURE-GROUND'
Click
here for more information
Click
here for examples of students' work




HOME
This shows the
SHAPE of a seat
This emphasises
the FORM of a
seat