ERGONOMICS
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MEASUREMENTS

The diagrams on this page describe the basic and average
measurements to aid working out how high or how far an
average person may work and reach in relative comfort.
These are factors that need to be considered when
designing joinery or cabinetry, furniture, planning
circulation spaces, work spaces, accessible spaces and to
generally make the user comfortable in their interior
environment.

But who is exactly average? Very few people. So these
measurements are a guide and can be varied. For
example, bench heights can range from 910mm up to 1
metre high in a kitchen.

All these measurements are in millimeters and are based
on common industry standards.
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1
Depicts the average heights and widths of
various parts of the body face on. Use this in
relation to joinery and space planning.
7
Depicts the height of a person when
kneeling or crouching down. You can
determine minimum heights of
shelving or basic reach.
3
Depicts the various heights and lengths
of parts of the body with the legs bent
as for sitting or climbing. Relate this to
chairs and tables.
4
Depicts the reach of
forward outstretched arms.
Reference to this is
important with cupboards
and shelves over benches
and to windows behind
furniture.
5
Depicts the maximum reach
(flat footed) straight up. This
can be referred to for the
maximum height of close
shelves or cupboards while also
considering the angle.
6
Depicts the height of the
forearm when standing
and bent at right angles.
This is useful for
determining the heights
of work surfaces.
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2
Depicts the average maximum
distance of outstretched arms. This
may be used when planning a
small bathroom and the distance
need for drying ones self.