GREEN DESIGN

PRODUCT DESIGN      
Green Design means that, as students design products, they may
consider
-
        designing for the environment  
        designing for recyclability
        designing for disassembly

The following information has been selected from a web page on the
Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) VICTORIA website
To see all the information
CLICK HERE

Product designers are critical in the life cycle management
process because it is at the design stage when the
environmental impact across all stages of the product will largely
be determined. As such, improved product design can generate
improved outcomes across the life cycle.

CURRENT PRACTICE   
Consideration is often given to environmental issues during the design
process, but usually in response to regulatory requirements or high-profile
issues (e.g. solid waste). Specific environmental attributes, such as
recyclability, may be required. In many cases, product designers focus
primarily on the production stage of the life cycle, and to some extent on
product use and disposal. Because other life cycle stages are often not
considered, opportunities to develop more environmentally sound
products may be missed.

MOVING TOWARDS A LIFE CYCLE APPROACH  
Life cycle thinking can be introduced into all design activities
.
The following points can help guide product design toward an LCM
approach.

Think in terms of product function
It sometimes pays to return to the basics. What is the service your
product provides? There may be alternative ways of providing that service
that are more efficient than any improvements that might be achieved
through simple product redesign, or shifting to service provision instead.

Focus on product performance
Better performance can often reduce environmental burdens as well as
improve marketability. Consider changes in design or formulation that
might allow performance expectations to be met with lower quantities of
product per use, or with lower consumption of energy, water or material
resources.

Extend the service life of your product
Longer lasting products also mean less material consumption and waste
generation per use. Service life may be extended by using more durable
materials and components, and by designing the product for ease of
maintenance and upgrading.

Consider material substitution and reformulation
Work with your suppliers to find alternative materials that both reduce life
cycle impacts and provide a market advantage. Also, design your product
to facilitate remanufacture, reuse or recycling at the end of the product's
useful life.

Applying the LCM Framework to Product Design

THINK:
Reflect on the possible life cycle implications of the product being
designed. A life cycle map and a life cycle design checklist can help - Life
Cycle Management Tools.
EXCELLENT DESIGN CHECKLIST
CLICK HERE    Word Document

ASK:
Where necessary, ask colleagues, suppliers, customers and other experts
for additional information that is not readily available. Again, the design
checklist can guide this activity.

ASSESS:
Where there are major environmental concerns, or where design
trade-offs are very difficult, consider assessing the life cycle issues in
more detail, by means of a detailed life cycle review or assessment.

ACT:
In all cases, the goal is to act to minimise life cycle environmental
impacts through improved product design.

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Managed and created by
design
LCM
Life Cycle Management
Life Cycle Management (LCM) is an
integrated concept to assist in businesses
managing the total life cycle of products and
services towards more sustainable
consumption and production patterns.
more information
EPA VICTORIA website
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ARE YOU DOING
INTRODUCTION

What can you do?
PACKAGING

GRAPHIC DESIGN

PRODUCT DESIGN

ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN
DESIGN CHECKLIST
Word Document